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A long time after the era of the Celts, who already had used graphite in the production of ceramics, English shepherds in the year 1565 found a glossy anthracite-coloured mineral that was excellently suited for drawing and writing, and they gave it the name "plumbago". It was only in 1779 that a Swedish chemist discovered that this material was a type of carbon and not of lead. The name commonly used today is derived from the Greek word for to write: Graphein.



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